# HDF5 Format Data Output Files

Vorpal outputs data in two forms, text and HDF5. Text output is used for progress reporting, while HDF5 is used for data files. The HDF5 data files have the .h5 suffix.

Hierarchical Data Format Version 5 (HDF5) is a library and file format for storing graphical and numerical data and for transferring that data between computers. Vorpal and VSimComposer output data in HDF5 format. The Hierarchical Data Format was developed by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. For more information about HDF5 (See http://hdfgroup.org/HDF5).

# Dumping Fields, Particles, and GridBoundaries

The following are the general dumping options that can be set in field, particle, and grid boundary blocks. These can be used when the user wishes to customize the dumping options for the particular blocks and not change the global dumping options.

• dumpOncePerRun (boolean)

If true, this object will be dumped only once per run. This specification can co-exist with other specifications.

• commandLineDumpPeriodicity (integer)

This option may be automatically set by vorpal to override other attributes specifying when this object should dump its data.

• dumpPeriodicity (integer)

If dumpPeriodicity = p, then this object will be dumped to disc when its timestep mod p equals 0.

If p=0, this object ” “will never be dumped.

• dumpPeriod (integer)

If dumpPeriodicity = p, then this object will be dumped to disc when its timestep mod p equals 0.

If p=0, this object will never be dumped.

• dumpSteps (integer list)

A list of the time steps at which this object should dump its data to disc.

• dumpSteps (expression)

A function of a scalar integer n (the current time step) that returns 1 if this object should be dumped at step n, and 0 if not.

To use an Expression, it must be specified within the <Expression dumpSteps> block:

expression = (a function of 'n', the timestep, that yields 0 or 1)
For example, expression = ( mod(n, 100) == 0 )
or           expression = ( or(n==100, n==200))


Vorpal produces one HDF5 file for each field or species at each dump time. For example, if the simulation parameter nsteps = 100 and the simulation parameter dumpPeriodicity = 10, Vorpal dumps data 10 times during the simulation and outputs a total of 10 HDF5 files for each field or species while running the simulation. Vorpal also produces one Globals file at each dump containing data that is general to the whole simulation, as opposed to one species or field. Finally, Vorpal puts out a History file containing the data of the specified histories.

# Change the Names of Output Files

If you want to change the names of the output files, which include the .h5 files, you can specify the -o output option when you run Vorpal.

For example, you want to replace emPlaneWave with emPlaneWaveTest1 in the names of the emPlaneWave simulation’s output files. Run Vorpal from the command line using this command:

vorpal -i emPlaneWave.in -o emPlaneWaveTest1


The output files will be:

• emPlaneWaveTest1_all_1.txt
• emPlaneWaveTest1_comms_0.txt
• emPlaneWaveTest1_completed.txt
• emPlaneWaveTest1_dumpedobjs_0.txt
• emPlaneWaveTest1_electrons_1.h5
• emPlaneWaveTest1_Globals_1.h5
• emPlaneWaveTest1_SumRhoJ_1.h5
• emPlaneWaveTest1_YeeStaticElecField_1.h5

# Displaying the Content of .h5 Files

The h5dump utility converts the binary data in .h5 files into human-readable ASCII data in .txt files, and is available for all the platforms on which Vorpal runs. You can download the utility from the HDF5 website (http://hdfgroup.org/HDF5).

The basic command is:

h5dump -o output_file_name.txt your_h5_file.h5


So, to convert the emPlaneWave_electrons_1.h5 to text format, use this command:

h5dump -o emPlaneWave_electrons_1.txt emPlaneWave_electrons_1.h5


# General Structure of Simulation Output .h5 Files

For each type of output file below, main data entries within that output file are displayed as a list of fields at the same level within the list. For those data fields within an output file that contain one or more subcategories of data, subcategories appear in an indented list below the main data category to which the subcategories apply.

Type of Output File: Globals

compGridGlobal
runInfo
time


Type of Output File: SumRhoJ

SumRhoJ
int array [NX NY NZ 4]
SumRhoJ[0] = Rho, charge density
SumRhoJ[1] = Jx
SumRhoJ[2] = Jy
SumRhoJ[3] = Jz
compGridGlobal
compGridGlobalLimits
runInfo
time


Type of Output File: Fluid

NeutralGasName
int array [NX NY NZ 1]
NeutralGasName[0] = Density
compGridGlobal
compGridGlobalLimits
runInfo
time


Type of Output Files: emMultiField – MagMultiField

MagMultiField
int array [NX NY NZ 3]
MagMultiField[0] = Bx
MagMultiField[1] = By
MagMultiField[2] = Bz
compGridGlobal
compGridGlobalLimits
derivedVariables
runInfo
time


Type of Output File: GridBoundary name

name
int array [NX NY NZ 2]
name[0] = true (1) or false (0) is the lower left front corner inside or not?
name[1] = true (1) or false (0) is the cell center inside or not?
nameLargeBndryFaces
nameLargeFaceFracs
nameSmallBndryFaces
nameSmallFaceFracs
nameStairStepBndryEdgesData
nameStairStepBndryFacesData
compGridGlobal
compGridGlobalLimits
derivedVariables
poly
runInfo
time


Type of Output File: History

runInfo
historyName1
historyName2


Note

These historyName arrays contain time data pertaining to the type of history chosen in the input file.

Type of Output File: species

species
int array [NX NY NZ 6]
species[0] = x position
species[1] = y position
species[2] = z position
species[3] = x velocity
species[4] = y velocity
species[5] = z velocity
compGridGlobalLimits
runInfo
time


Note

The information above is representative of 3D data. The actual number of elements in an array may vary depending on the dimensionality of the simulation. The number of elements in a species output file will also vary based on the type of species used. For more information on the output of species data, see the next section.

# Columns in Particle Simulation .h5 Output Files

Below is a table displaying how the columns in particle simulation .h5 output files for various species kinds correspond to the columns that can be seen in the .h5 file when the file is opened using a tool such as HDFView. HDFView may be downloaded for free from the HDF Group at http://www.hdfgroup.org/hdf-java-html/hdfview/. HDFView distributions are available for 32-bit and 64-bit Linux, Mac, and Windows platforms.

Table 1 Columns in .h5 in Particle Simulation Output Files
Species Number of Columns Comma-separated Columns
cmplxRelBorisDF 5 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, real weight, imaginary weight
envBoris 5 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, tag, weight
freeRel 3 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz
freeRelVW 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, weight
noMove 3 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz
noMoveVW 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, weight
nonRelBoris 3 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz
nonRelEs 3 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz
relBoris 3 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz
relBorisBallisticVW 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, weight
relBorisCyl 3 + NDIM u0,[u1,[u2,]]P0, P1, P2 (see Legend)
relBorisDF 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, weight
relBorisEffMassExtd 2 + 3(NDIM always 3) x, y, z, Px, Py, Pz, valley index, weight (always 1)
relBorisFuncVW 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, weight
relBorisTagged 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, tag
relBorisVW 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, weight
relBorisVWTagged 5 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, tag, weight
relBorisVWScale 6 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, tag, scale parameter, weight
cell 3 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz
cell(VW) 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, weight
cell(tagged) 4 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, tag
cell(VW, tagged) 5 + NDIM x,[y,[z]]Px, Py, Pz, tag, weight

Note

The cell species (kind = cell) set variable weight (VW) and tagging with the variableWeightParticle and taggedParticle parameters.

Table 2 Legend
NDIM Number of Dimensions: 1, 2, or 3
Dimension Notation
1D 2D 3D
x x y x y z
1D 1D,[2D] 1D,[2D,[3D]]
Cylindrical Coordinates
Polar u0, u1, u2 r, phi, z
Cylindrical u0, u1, u2 z, r, phi
Tubular u0, u1, u2 phi, z, r
Momentum/Mass Notation Convention
momentum/mass = gamma*v = P
gamma*vx:Px gamma*vy: Py gamma*vz: Pz

# HDFView Example Simulation .h5 Output File Illustration

Below are HDFView displays of Vorpal field and species .h5 output files from an example simulation, as well as brief descriptions of said output. HDFView may be downloaded for free from the HDF Group (http://www.hdfgroup.org/hdf-java-html/hdfview/)

Fig. 90 HDFView display of a field file.

Fig. 91 HDFView display of particle file.